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Traffic and transport planning in the cities of Vietnam
Integrated expert
Walter Molt
E-Mail: tramoc.hanoi@gmail.com
Hanoi Transport Management and Operation Centre (TramOc)


By bus through Hanoi

Traffic planner Walter Molt with Jamie Lerner, inventor of a new traffic system in which buses drive along special tracks, like trains.  Photo: Integrated Expert Walter Molt.
The context Rapid increases in the traffic in Viet Namís cities is resulting in greater noise pollution and more accidents.
Objective The construction of an urban transit system in the capital, Hanoi, is to considerably reduce the amount of traffic on Vietnamese streets.
CIM assignment A German traffic engineer is supporting Hanoiís traffic authority in making public transport more appealing. City buses are planned, with lower prices for monthly tickets and regular schedules posted at each bus stop.
Hanoi is the only capital city in Asia with no urban skyline. Typical of the city are, instead, its picturesque old city, broad avenues and lakes. The trick is to preserve this idyllic setting while managing traffic more effectively. In Hanoi more than two million people live in a very small area. There are relatively few automobiles, but the number of mopeds and bicycles tearing through the streets is on the rise. The rapidly increasing traffic has also increased noise pollution and accidents. Walter Molt advises the Hanoi Transport Management and Operation Centre on improving the organisation of local public transport. In his daily work he does all he can to give people new insights into what the possibilities might be. To demonstrate alternatives to cities that cater to cars, he has invited leading managers at the traffic control authority to take study tours in Europe and examine at first hand cities that go in for buses, trains or bicycles instead of cars. ďYou can only make changes in an atmosphere of trust,Ē believes Molt, who has apparently succeeded in winning the trust of his employer. The new additions to Hanoiís streets are there for all to see. Today, city residents take the bus much more often than they used to: public transport companies now carry 600,000 passengers a day: a dramatic rise from the 34,000 per day in 1990. Molt himself has inspired a number of improvements. The transport fleet has been refurbished and there are more buses now per line. Schedules have been posted at bus stops and low-priced monthly tickets have been issued. Now the World Bank has made a loan available for construction of a bus-plus-rapid-transit system in the city. Not only that, the city of Hannover would like in future, in partnership with Paris Île-de-France, to contribute to improving environmental conditions and technical standards for Hanoiís buses.